Ludwig Mies van der Rohe – life and work after the Bauhaus movement
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe gesamtkunstwerk includes a very long period. By trying to understand the context of his works, it gives you a pretty comprehensive picture with regard to the construction history of the 20th century.
We now go down this road, to learn more about the development of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and the architecture of the world after the end of the Bauhaus movement (1931) to learn.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Immortalized on postage stamp
The period leading up to Bauhaus
Before we begin, we would like to call the most important works from the period before the decline of the Bauhaus art group. Artist born in Aachen, and designer created until 1932, when Bauhaus Castle, a series of striking pieces of furniture. Chair and MR are such as the MR Lounge Chair (1931), Brno Chair (1930), Barcelona chair (1929). Its striking buildings include the residential apartments in the Weißenhofsiedlung in Stuttgart and in the African Street in Berlin (1927), as well as the Office building in Friedrichstrasse (1921). The listed building – and Designbeispiele are just a few of the important works of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. However, they show the discourses which shape his body of work.
Barcelona chair in Brown
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and the Bauhaus movement
In 1930, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe became the Director of Bauhaus. He made a number of innovations there. Under pressure from the Nazis closed the Bauhaus in 1932 after fifteen years. Then, the artists took over the development of his ideas into their own hands and founded his own school.
The role of the Bauhaus movement
Many works by Bauhaus students were shown during the degenerate art exhibition. Among others Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee and László Moholy-Nagy belonged to the Group of the painters.
Design and architecture according to the motto: “less is more”
Furniture design by Mies van der Rohe
Last buildings of Ludwig Mies van der der Rohe in Germany
Soon it was decided that Ludwig Mies van der Rohe had to leave even his home. Two of the buildings which have arisen prior to that time, were the House of Lemke in Berlin and the workshop Verseidag in Krefeld, Germany.
The courtyard was unique in the first example. He showed a very innovative for the time connection of the Interior with the surrounding green area.
The Lemke House in Berlin
Insight into the House…
1937 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe meets Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Right refused to meet with figures such as Le Corbusier and Walter Gropius. He invited but Mies van der Rohe Ludwig to his summer home in Taliesin in Wisconsin. The natural attitude towards the innovation Association both: they were their opinion important, but an end in itself. The visit by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe to Frank Lloyd Rightdauerte four days and was with a personal visit to Unity Temple Coonley House, and Robie House in Illinois.
Frank Lloyd Wright
Stay in the United States after 1938
After 1938, Mies van der Rohe in the United States moved to. There, he created a series of large buildings in Chicago, Houston, New York and other cities nationwide.
Let us look at three distinctive buildings from this period. First we can take the Wishnick Hall, Illinois Institute of technology in Chicago (1958). According to Peter Land, Professor in architecture, the work expanded his ideas on technical beauty.
Crown Hall, Chicago
Farnworth House is an example of device for private use. As well as former housing by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe it raises the tasks – convenient and close to nature to be on the simplest possible manner. The original idea of the architect is to stack two plates. It firmly supported the walls made of glass.
Lafayette Park, Detroit
The Seagram Building in New York
We enter into with one of the newer office buildings of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. This is also one of the greatest works of the architect at all. It inscribes itself ideally in the modern urban landscape. At the same time it refreshes you with its bright yellow Windows.
The Seagram Building – a skyscraper in New York City
The presented works are only small excerpts from the life and work of Mies van der Rohe to the Bauhaus movement. You are a good basis for analysis, but, if you are interested in architecture and modern architectural styles.
They show that there are some unchanged trends in the 20th century despite all: the quest for simplicity, the closeness to nature, integrating as much functionality as possible are always crucial.
The genius Ludwig Mies van der Rohe is its individual position to all of this. Nothing becomes an end in itself, everything is evaluated according to the specific needs of the order. The buildings take also a certain extent adequate opinion on issues of society, culture, philosophy and achieve an even higher value.
Architecture and modern architectural styles – pursuit of simplicity and closeness to nature
Works by the brilliant architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe