The History And Characteristics Of Expressionism Art

expressionism of Edvard Munch Sun

What do you know about the expressionism?

Expressionist art is one of the many styles of the 19th and 20th centuries that take the emotions and thoughts of artists and thus of people as the main object of representation. This art floats above reality and avoids objectivity. Expressionism is also flooded with pessimism.

This can be explained by the events of the last century.

Expressionism also expresses problems typical of the 20th century. These are the loneliness and the feeling of being lost in life. Thus, the alienation of society is represented in Expressionist art, which is the negative side of modern society.

Read Also: Dadaism – An Up-to-date Art Movement With Strong Statements

All this is best illustrated by the striking work “The Scream” by Edvard Munch from 1893.

expressionism of Edvard Munch the scream

Expressionism Features

In Expressionist art there is always a very strong emotional connection between the viewer and the artwork. This is done both through the psychic side of the selection of themes, which often concern one as the individuality of modern times and through the dramatic, mostly negative, desperate, frightened way in which they have been portrayed.

Clear and very strongly defined lines also characterize Expressionism. They are also one of the most effective means of achieving the desired effects.

The boats of Max Pechstein

Expressionism Max Pechstein

Development of Expressionism

Expressionism emerges in Germany, according to art historians. The artists’ group Die Brücke stands above all behind his birth. It was a movement that developed parallel to French Fauvism. From the original group, there are two well-known names that were also very influential and well-known in social and political life. These are Emil Nolde and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.

The masks of Emil Nolde

Expressionism Nolde bridge masks

Berliner Straße by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Expressionism German Berliner Straße Kirchner

Dresden by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Expressionism road Dresden Kirchner

Another group that is associated with Expressionism comes from Munich. It was founded in Munich in 1919. Their works can be described as more spiritual than those of the Brücke. So the art critics. The Expressionists from Munich hold the opinion that the sense and meaning of any work of art are determined by the observer and not by the artist.

During the Second World War, this art movement, like many other things of intellectual and philosophical significance, fell into oblivion. Expressionist works continued to be created, but many years passed before they could be presented to the public.

The Expressionist movement also influenced Goya, Gogh, and Gauguin.

The unique expression of August Macke

Expressionism August Macke

Neo-expressionism of Anders away gel

neo expression Anders away gel

German Expressionism – Rudolf Lehmann

neo expression German Rudolf Lehmann

The portrait of the wife of Roy Lichtenstein

expression neo women portrait Roy Lichtenstein

Colorful marine by Paul Ygartua

neo expression Paul Ygartua

Memoirs of a Geisha by Rainer m

neo expression Rainer Magold Geisha

The redfish by Mike Savlen

neo expression red fish Mike Savlen