Realism Art – The History And The Main Features

Editor   August 6, 2015   Comments Off on Realism Art – The History And The Main Features

realism art canvas millet which ährenleserinen

More about the realism art

The realism is a style of art created in the 30s and 40s of the 19th century. This was done in France. Here and in many other countries he has played an important role until 1880. Also at the global level, the realism had a great importance.

How many other styles can also realism are not understood, if you not well enough acquainted with the social context. The political and economic conditions played a very important role at that time.


We return in the second half of the industrial revolution. This period was marked by the euphoric desire for progress and winning more and more material values. Many great inventions were made, many great and big engines were then designed and manufactured.

One of the most famous paintings by Thomas Eakins

realism art canvas of Thomas Eakins

In the painting, sculpture and architecture is a development that has very many basic similarities with the literature from the same era.

Learn more about the formation and development of realism in art

The epoch, from which comes the realism, was marked by great social problems that led in large part to, that the existence of many people was jeopardized. The workers gathered at clubs to defend themselves. They were caught and punished.

One of the justifications of the existence of this specific style was to show the reality in a clear and harsh form. The truth should see lens. The main theme was the fight for survival of the low social classes.

The Steinbrecher by Gustave Courbet

realism art canvas Gustave Courbet Steinbrecher

Realism art characteristics

The first characteristic of this style is the lack of idealism. Then come the themes. They are mostly social. The poor social classes and also the contrast to the upper classes into their centre.

In parallel, there is also a historical realism. This also landscape painting was affected. The painters represented the different landscapes in a realistic manner and added then one after the other the individual details.

Portraits and self portraits were also very typical. It is striking that the human figure in a very realistic way was represented.

The national elections of George Caleb Bingham

realism art canvas George Caleb Bingham elections

The Lord of the manor by Frank Blackwell Mayer

realism art canvas Squire Frank Blackwell Mayer

The Laundress by Jean Baptiste Greuze

realism art canvas Jean Baptiste Greuze the Laundress

American realism by George Bellows

realism art canvas American of George Bellows

Totalitarian regimes very often benefit from the realism

realism art canvas totalitarianism of communism regime

Also ideological leaders are very often shown in this style

realism art canvas Lenin portrait

Modern realism – the hope of Duffy Sheridan

realism art canvas portrait of modern Duffy Sheridan hope

Rubens on the horse – a portrait of Eugene Verboeckhoven

realism art canvas portrait of Rubens Eugene Verboeckhoven

Still lifes by Deborah Elmquist

realism art canvas Deborah Elmquist

The sunflowers by Manfred Jürgens

realism art canvas sunflower of Manfred Jürgens

Magical realism by Michael Parkes

realism art magical Michael Parkes

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