Russian Christmas – a blend of many ancient and more recent traditions
The Christian faith from the thoughts and the everyday life of most Russians has been almost a whole century-long expelled. This happened on the basis of political propaganda between the years 1917 and 1991. Since this time, have all – Church and believers, the difficult task to revive this festival in the souls and minds of the people.
Learn more about Russian Christmas
Christmas is the most beautiful in Russia
Again, some old, traditional customs have been popularized. At the same time you adopted many customs of the Western tradition, are known all over the world.
It is celebrated on a different date
Traditionally, the Russian Orthodox Church held a festive fair
The Christmas tree
Russian Christmas also has a decorated Christmas tree. This symbol knew and loved you part also in the period, while the officially not allowed to be celebrated.
In Russia, people, honor as anywhere in the world, the Christmas tree
The Christmas Eve the most Slavic peoples celebrate the 06.01
Traditionally 12 fasting dishes are prepared on Christmas Eve
The Christmas tree was introduced in Russia in the 19th century. At the same time, also the tradition with the gifts was taken over.
Historical events had not even negative impact on the Festival
Many of the traditions have been well preserved
Delicious finally ate after the long fasting period
It expresses his gratitude by the festive food
The secret Santa is accompanied by chants and prayers
The Christmas tree is not completely disappeared during communism. He decorated the new year’s Eve celebration. Also many more symbols of Christmas were transferred. Maybe it’s because there was a time in which the new year festival was not celebrated.
The feast is of course individually in each household
The new year’s Eve was also a variant of Santa Claus next to the Christmas tree (in translation something like new year tree). However, he was called Father Frost. A female magical person was regarded as his assistant. Her name was in translation as well as snow white.
Adults and children go to the fair on the first day of Christmas
In Russia, it maintains the custom with the nativity play
Also the folklore plays an important role on Christmas day
Another date for Christmas
The Russian Orthodox Church counts the time according to the so-called Julian calendar. Officially, this was valid until the 20th century in some countries. In most, he was replaced in the 16th century of the Gregorian calendar. The difference between the two is about two weeks.
Roulades stuffed with rice or beans replace the meat
Pumpkin pastry is one of the treats at the feast table
For 40 days fasting devout people before Christmas
Dried fruits are vital during Lent
For this reason is celebrated Russian Christmas on the January, so about a week after new year’s Eve. Is celebrated it on December 31 as everywhere, so after the official secular calendar. However, there are a further celebration on 14 01. This is the so called old new year.
The authentic traditions of Russian Christmas
The traditions of authentic Russian Christmas have been preserved, especially in rural regions. There’s still Christmas carolers. They run from House to House and sing prayers for joy, health, and money. The hosts present them with treats or money.
To date, the old superstition has received that between 7 and 19 January is the best time for fortune telling. It is linked to several Christmas rituals. Some start already on January 07. The usual topic of divination was always linked to the young women and their future husbands.
Here is another common superstitions: it was a bad sign when you first enter the House at Christmas by a woman. This means that all the other women in the House the whole year often were ill.
Still, it was typical that you do clean the House on January 07. This is to ensure purity and health during the new year.
On Christmas Eve, there are 12 foods on the table. There’s always the obligatory food Sochivo, called also Kutya.
This is the number of the Apostles. Bring some hay in the room. This serves as a reminder of the birth of Christ.
on January 6th, Christmas Eve is still lent. According to the most stringent tradition, you should drink only water. On January 07. There are, however, much pork, poultry and fish to dinner.
a modern Christmas
And large one can say that the real authentic traditions of Russian Christmas only in the countryside have been preserved. They are little known, the most modern Russians, and especially those in the cities. In most families, they took over the traditions of the West for the festive meal. Also, it is typical that all the Christmas fair go.
General new year’s Eve in Russia held the two matter for the dress. It has the character of a family celebration, like Christmas for us also to a large extent.