Thoughts about the future of Carl de Smet – high tech furniture designs
Interior 2012:, The Belgian designer de Smet has developed high-tech furniture, its original size can be reduced to 5%, so that they are portable and then again as “Popcorn” Aufhitzen can increase of noumenon .
This offer, which is still in a phase of theoretical, compresses products from polyurethane shape memory polymers (SMP) in shallow, lightweight discs, resulting in that they occupy very little space, until you don’t need them. If the furniture will be heated, they return to their normal shape. That happens thanks to the “anti-allergenic” functions of the material.
“You are very easily, so they occupy much space if you must transport them”.
“If a piece of furniture is damaged and then heated, so the damage will disappear. If you transport your product and it is damaged, that doesn’t matter, because this is not the final product, but the printed memory.”
The idea came from a scientific project for a parabolic antenna for the outer surface, which can be printed so that you can reduce the load on a spaceship. If then, this antenna is exposed to the rays of the Sun, it expands to full size.
This project includes shape memory alloys (SMA)-METALIEN, who in the same way as the shape memory Polyurethanes behave polymers (SMP), but are very expensive.
“I wanted to continue to develop the idea for everyday use, not only in the area remain high-tech technologies and but the materials are too expensive for this.”, de Smet said.
“The production of polymers on a larger scale is a low-cost solution.”
At the time, the pieces in a large, heated room such as sauna must be heated so that they reach the required temperature of 70 degrees, but de Smet investigated other ways to trigger the conversion of the compressed to the spread-out form. For example one tries the material so to program at the time that it returns to the recorded form, as soon as an electric signal through this runs.
The foam, which is strong enough to take a structure, can be transforms into furniture through the grinding of solid blocks or by injection molding
“[At the time] the product due to the logistics of transportation is programmed to extend 70 degrees” says de Smet. “For example, in the summer, when the truck is in storage, heats up the room inside for up to 50 degrees. We don’t want that then burst the furniture like popcorn!”
Foam Chair in the building of the Budapest workshop in Kortrijk, Belgium
De Smet workshop in Kortrijk, Belgium, presented the project through a foam Chair in the building of the Buda. This exhibit is part of the biennial exhibition of Interior design by 2013.
Interview by Dezeens Chefredaktuer Marcus Fairs with de Smet
Marcus Fairs: Tell project us of the noumenon
Carl de Smet: This is a research project, which started six years ago, five, there are is dealing with a range of intelligent materials, polymers, which have the ability to change their shape. This means that you can temporarily control a shape, and then, when the material reaches a certain temperature, it is converted into the final product.
Marcus Fairs: What is it for a kind of material? It looks like some kind of foam!
Carl de Smet: It’s a kind of anti-allergenic. Foam can have different densities; the normal foam is really soft, spongy. But this is fixed, which means that you can use it as a structural aid. And if he is aufgehitzt and changes its shape, he is soft again.
Marcus Fairs: Is a material that you have discovered, or one that was already discovered and you have found a use for this?
Carl de Smet: These materials are surfaced 20 years ago, but finally we are here, to use them to a greater extent for design purposes.
Marcus Fairs: Is it something that you have discovered by chance?
Carl de Smet: No, we have it not randomly discovered. In 2002/2003 I started a Untersuchtungsprojekt with shape memory alloys (SMA); are metals that are really well known. It was the idea of creating a parabolic antenna for the space. The idea was to bring a cramped form, together with a spaceship into outer space. They unload them in the cold air and if you would like to exhibit them to the heat of the Sun, will spread them out and take the form of an antenna. I liked the idea to design certain kinds of objects which have a performative behavior. I wanted to develop the idea further and apply them in everyday life. As you probably know, the production of polymers in bulk is cost effective. This is the reason why I carry out investigations in the field of sculpture.”
Marcus Fairs: So, tell us how this invention can be used to make a product. Here, you have exhibited a model of Chair.
Carl de Smet: This is a Chair, but the main idea is that it in the form of a profile (been bought) is. You usually buy a packet and you come home and it developed the story, which nowadays is known to all: the kind of IKEA. You put everything together; they put everything together alone. But in our case, the material makes this change. The material creates the work. The form is easy as a memory of the material there.
Marcus Fairs: So one manufactures the Chair, you compressed it and slice prints it, right?
Carl de Smet: Yes.
Marcus Fairs: How much smaller than its original size can the product be?
Carl de Smet: It can be up to 20 times smaller. When you think of the form, then there is talk here of a cell structure, and in the tree indoors, there is air. Then, you can crush this structure. Then, the object is to a disk.
Marcus Fairs: what is it benefiting? I can imagine that you can transport the furniture much easier.
Carl de Smet: It is easy, and also during the transport, it occupies no space. If it is damaged and it will be aufgehitzt again, the damage will disappear. If you transport the Pack and something happens, then it doesn’t matter, because that is not the final product, but the recorded memory.
Marcus Fairs: How take the crushed product back in its full size form?
Carl de Smet: at the moment it can be reached on the basis of heat, but we’re looking for new applications which make this possible at home, because not everyone has at home a sauna where you can place furniture.
Marcus Fairs: So you must put the piece of furniture in a very warm room?
“Carl de Smet: [at the time], it is programmed to extend 70 degrees due to the logistics of transportation” de Smet says. “For example, in the summer, when the truck is in storage, heats up the room inside for up to 50 degrees. We do not want that then burst the furniture like popcorn! You think first, the temperature was high, but when you think of transport, which is the minimum.”
Marcus Fairs: How is the product produced? With a mill?
Carl de Smet: You can create it with a mill, but also by injection moulding. This is a kind of polyurethane or PU. The fake leather Pu has been made in the auto industry. So we can do it such incorrect or false leather. This is only the completion of the injection procedure. It depends on the jacking off and how to do this.
Ergonomic design – for children brought
Marcus Fairs: Which one is the scientific process that the product makes possible to record this form?
Carl de Smet: If you look at the polymers under microscope, you would see a kind of spaghetti noodles. Within this form you create chemical cross-linking and therefore they fixed the form and the trigger. Every time you’s komprimeren or stretch out, it remembers the cross-connections and connection points.
White Chair made of foam