Winter hardy perennials are almost always the first choice when it comes to a successful, easy-care garden design. Fresh green and beautiful flowers should bring this into the perennial bed and pamper our senses. Once planted, the plants should ideally grow and enjoy for years. You definitely need perennial perennials…
And if you’re wondering which perennials are actually annual and which perennials, we would like to clarify something important to you right from the start: perennials are always perennial plants. These usually do not lignify. Most perennials that thrive in this country are also in principle always hardy. Their roots as well as the lower plant parts survive the winter and provide in spring for new shoots and new blooms in gardens and parks.
Here are our 20 favorites in terms of hardy perennials. Take a look at them and choose your own favorites. Or maybe you find enough space in your garden or on the balcony for all of them?
Many of the domestic medicinal plants are also hardy perennials
Hardy perennials that love the sun
Beautiful, hardy perennials for sunny locations are fortunately plentiful. The beautiful sunbathers are partly Medicinal plants and herbs that we have all seen, eaten or enjoyed as tea and flavor. Others are just fascinatingly graceful and become unique eye-catchers, especially when the flowers are born.
# Lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia )
The purple beauty of Provence has long since made itself comfortable in this country. The beguiling fragrance of lavender and its versatile use in the home and garden are highly prized by many and often preferred. Lavender is an easy-care, robust shrub that grows even on dry soil. The different types of lavender have different heights of about 35 to 70 cm and bloom in light pink, purple or blue violet. Lavender is often called Groundcover against weeds or used as a living bedding enclosure by many home gardeners.
# The yarrows ( Achillea )
This great medicinal plant also has many varieties with different flower colors. Their height can vary from about 6 to almost 80 cm. Yarrows love the sun and thrive on barren, dry soil. Their rosette-shaped leaves emerge in spring. The stem is relatively sturdy and tough. The flowers are shaped into small baskets and exude their distinctive, tart smell in early summer. The yarrow is also known as Achilles, Frauenkraut, Gotteshand, tea herb or Blutstillkraut… just to name a few of their names.
# Sage ( Salvia nemorosa )
Not less famous and popular is the sage with its many varieties. This winter hardy perennial already has beautiful flower candles in blue violet in June. These smell very soft and attract numerous bees, bumblebees and butterflies. Even sandy soils do not bother the plant. It is robust and easy to clean at the same time and usually has a stature height between 30 to 50 cm.
# The lupins ( Lupinus)
Cowpea or wolf bean is sometimes called this plant. The Wildstaude comes from North America and is quite robust and fast growing. For the garden are particularly suitable for these species of lupins, which are considered ornamental plants, such as the Vielblättrige Lupine (Lupinus polyphyllus). The beautiful flowers of the lupines delight the eye from early summer to late August or even sometimes until mid-September. Because the plant itself seeds, it makes a good figure as a colorful gap filler in the garden.
# The blue cushions ( aubrieta )
As one of the first bee pastures in spring, the blue cushions not only glow in blue, but also in pink, violet and white. They spread very quickly and are perfect as ground cover not only in the rock garden, but also on the drywall or on sunny, relatively dry slopes. This evergreen, hardy perennial can be planted both in spring and autumn and used as a natural measure against weeds.
# The Sun Bride ( Helenium Hybrid )
Even the sight and name of this perennial scream for sun. Easy to care for and wonderfully flowering, it simply belongs in every sunny garden. The sunflower blooms mainly in orange and yellow from June to October and loves light and heat as well as moderate soil moisture as well as loamy, nutrient-rich soil.
# Delphinium ( Delphinium hybrids )
The rich flower umbels of this hardy perennials are unfortunately not only stunningly beautiful, but also inedible. Because larkspur is poisonous. So, beware of infants in the garden! The plant height can range up to 180 cm in some varieties and the flowers shine in magnificent shades of white, light blue and ultra violet from June to September. Take care of adequate irrigation and fertilization.
Hardy perennials that also like partial shade
Many hardy perennials prefer such places in the garden or in the park, which do not lie all the time in the blazing sun, but offer partial shade. Here are seven great examples of such plants ready for you. Take a look at them and discover your own favorite.
# The cranesbill ( Geranium)
Undemanding and extremely easy-care, the cranesbill is simply the perfect choice not only as a ground cover against weeds, but also as a bedding border or planting under the trees. Most varieties of perennials bloom from May to July and many are green even in winter. The cranesbill spreads very quickly with the help of its roots and can therefore be easily planted. The flowers are delicate and vary from white to light pink to violet and purple.
# The hydrangeas ( Hydrangea )
Who does not know them – the fabulous ones hydrangeas ! Very different in size and color are these, in principle hardy plants, actually no perennials in the classical sense, but rather shrubs. Nevertheless, we have included them in this list, because hydrangeas fit perfectly with many perennials and are considered as beautiful perennial plants. Such a flower splendor has of course its price. Hydrangeas have a high water requirement and like nutrient-rich, lime-poor soils. They are not very easy to care for, but they want to be well looked after and properly cut. But the effort is well worth it. Promised!
# Lady’s Mantle ( Alchema mollis )
The Lady’s Mantle is a hardy, long-lived and robust shrub with delicate yellow flowers and roundish green leaves. It is quite adaptable and undemanding to soil and irrigation. The plant reproduces extremely fast and should be cut back after flowering. It is suitable as a ground cover for wider areas and larger gardens.
# Purple bells ( Heuchera )
Although the flowers of this perennial are white and dainty, it impresses with expressive leaves with spectacular grain. In addition, the leaves are not only seen in green, but also in orange and red or dark purple. Just lovely! The soil should always be moist and rich in nutrients. The flower stems are completely cut off after flowering and the dry leaves are removed in spring.
# Forget Me Not ( Myosotis )
A perfect, hardy ground cover with heavenly blue, white or pink, very filigree flowers. Forget-me-not is also a perennial that belongs to the spring flowering and works well with very little water. The plant is quite easy to care for and undemanding. It multiplies itself again and again, once it has already been planted in the garden. Great as a bedding enclosure or as a gap filler.
# Autumn anemone ( Anemone hupehensis )
This perennial is, as the name implies, a late bloomer. It delights us with its magical white, pink, blue, red or crimson flowers only from August and transforms the garden into a true late summer paradise. The plant height may even be about 160 cm for some varieties. The stems are delicate and long and the leaves slightly hairy. Nutrient-rich, moderately moist soils are simply perfect for the anemone.
# The lung herbs ( Pulmonaria )
Another spring flower from the hardy perennial family, which gives us delicate flowers and decorative leaves in the garden. The lung herbs spread relatively slowly through their rhizomes and reach a height of about 30 cm. The flowers are predominantly pink, purple, blue or red and the leaves and stems slightly hairy. Although the perennials are relatively easy to maintain, they do not like extreme dryness or waterlogging. Calcareous soils are well tolerated, but the perfect soil for lung herbs is still slightly loamier and rich in humus.
Hardy perennials that prefer to grow in the shade
Last but not least, it is the shade-loving plants that are hardy perennials. Many of them are suitable as ground cover under larger trees or as beautiful accents in the shady perennial border. Almost all of our favorites here are pretty frugal and undemanding and even for hobby gardeners with little experience well suited.
# Hardy ferns ( Polypodiopsida )
Almost all members of the fern family are shadow shrubs that are fairly undemanding. Although ferns do not bloom, they give the garden with its expressive frond distinctive green accents. As ground cover under trees or in shady corners, ferns are simply the perfect choice for a successful, easy-care garden design. They do not like dryness, but also no waterlogging. Moderately moist, loosened soil is optimal for the ferns.
# The funkies ( Hosta)
These popular leaf perennials are often called lilac lilies and are often found in most gardens in this country. The hostas love even humidity and humus rich, sandy to loamy soils. Most of the funerals bloom in June and July, but there are also species that later in August and September flowers. The flowers are mostly white or purple and grow on long stems. In principle, these perennials are relatively slow-growing and propagate themselves through Wurzelausläufer.
# The Bergenia ( Bergenia )
Not for nothing were the Bergenien Perennial of the year 2017 , They are not only extremely easy-care and frugal, but simply beautiful, especially if their beautiful, pink flowers already arise in April. Bergenien like moist, humus rich soil and have a very low light requirement. You hardly need to fertilize the perennials. These spread best by division.
# The three-leaved Waldsteinie ( Waldsteinia ternata )
Also called gold strawberries, these pretty, hardy perennials are a great choice for the shady spots of your garden. As a popular ground cover for many hobby gardeners, the forest stones bloom in lemon yellow from April to May. The flowers are filigree and resemble those of strawberries. The perfect soil for the golden strawberries is rich in humus and low in nutrients as well as rocky to loamy. The Waldsteinien are quite suitable as a wood planting for forest gardens.
# The Common Gold Nettle ( Lamium galeobdolone)
This robust, native perennial will green even the deepest shade in your garden and beautify in spring with delicate, yellow flowers. It hardly needs care and spreads quickly. To prevent the risk of dereliction, it is sometimes necessary to curb the plant occasionally. In addition, it would be useful to cut back too high shoots in the fall.
# Grandstand ( Astilbe arendsii )
The originating from East Asia perennials have been native to this country since the 19th century. Their magnificent flower panicles in white, cream, pink, crimson or violet decorate the garden from June to September. The plant loves moist, nutrient-rich soils and spreads relatively quickly over foothills. In the spring you should fertilize with compost and share from November to March.
Hardy perennials are remarkable, easy-care plants. There are many who love the sun, others who tend to thrive in partial shade, and others who thrive in the deepest shade. Choose the perennials you like best and load them into your own garden. Treat each plant with love and respect and she will thank you.
Winter hardy perennials bring you every time again beautiful flowers and fresh green